Volunteering with Acupuncturists Without Borders

by Johanna Utter, L.Ac., FABORM

Volunteering with Acupuncturists Without Borders, Johanna Utter, L.Ac., FABORM in Davis, CAIn October, I volunteered with Acupuncturists Without Borders (AWB) in Houston and Santa Rosa. AWB provides free, community-style trauma relief acupuncture to people in areas that have been hit by disasters.

Acupuncturists Without Borders was founded in 2005 by acupuncturist Diana Fried, following Hurricane Katrina. Knowing that acupuncture could help with trauma recovery, she ended up organizing 25 teams of acupuncturists to travel to New Orleans. There they provided free community acupuncture treatments to 8,000 in Louisiana, including evacuees, residents, first responders, emergency personnel, volunteers, and other care providers.

Since then, AWB-trained volunteers have offered trauma recovery services in the aftermath of many emergencies including: wildfires, floods, shootings, earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes, the Boston Marathon bombing, mudslides, and even a lava flow in Hawaii.

Acupuncturists Without Borders has also expanded its outreach to veterans, active military, and their families via the Military Stress Recovery Project.  AWB’s Community Service Clinic Program provides treatment for other trauma-impacted populations, such as refugees, survivors of sexual and domestic violence and first responders. There are now more than 30 AWB-affiliated community service clinics across the United States. AWB also does work internationally in Greece, Nepal, Mongolia, Haiti, Israel, and Mexico.

AWB uses a simple treatment technique, developed in New York in the 1970’s to treat the symptoms of drug detox, that has since been modified to provide stress reduction. For most people, five small needles are inserted into each ear, in points chosen to help people relax, reduce pain, improve sleep, calm the nervous system, and assist in the repair of organs most taxed by drugs, alcohol, and stress: the lungs, kidneys, and liver.

The two locations where I volunteered, Houston and Santa Rosa, had different set-ups, but the treatment was the same. Participants sat on chairs arranged in a circle and a practitioner inserted small needles in each ear to help with stress, anxiety, difficulty sleeping and pain. In Houston, the clinic had been taking place for several weeks by the time I arrived, so many of the recipients were regulars. One of the women was very eager to be there. She told us that she had suffered from depression for several years and that her mother had really noticed a difference in her energy following the first treatment. "I came for the acupuncture session not knowing what to expect. Within 5 minutes I could feel my self relaxing. The next day I had so much energy- more than I have had in two years. My mother cried tears of joy." Some people chose to have ear seeds taped to their ears after the treatment so that they could press them and do ear acupressure at home until the next clinic.

Disaster relief work is often a moving target. On the day that I volunteered in Santa Rosa, I got a call several hours beforehand letting me know that the location where we would be had changed. We then planned to set up in a tent behind the shelter at the Sonoma County Fairgrounds. Upon arriving, we learned from the Red Cross that we were not permitted on site. This was disappointing since we had all driven a long way to be there. Fortunately, we were able to set up   chairs in a parking lot, near a tent where other practitioners were offering massage, physical therapy, and Reiki to first responders. There had been a few chiropractors there the day before.

Most of the acupuncture recipients in Santa Rosa were firefighters. The ones we treated were from Tulare County, Riverside, and Oregon. We learned that firefighters had come from all over the U.S., Canada, and even from as far away as Australia and New Zealand to help out. My co-volunteer, Barbara Seymour from Solana Beach (near San Diego), came up north to volunteer because her parents live in Sonoma.

She shares:
“We did a lot of treatments with first responders, and right before the end of our shift, these 4 firefighters from Riverside walked in to get their first ever acu treatments. They had been on the fire lines for 14 days straight risking their lives, inhaling smoke and getting little to no rest, and yet somehow, they managed to give each other such a hard time about getting needles in their ears! Once the points were in they took selfies and sent them to their wives. I don't know who said what, but all the sudden all four of them were laughing really hard and couldn't stop... then I started, then Johanna as well. What is it about laughing firemen?

One said, 'Hey, I can feel tingling down my left arm', another said, 'My neck feels looser.' When we took the points out, they let us know that they felt much better and thanked us, then we thanked them for their amazing service to the community. As they were leaving we got hugs from heroes.”

Being able to help during times of disaster is rewarding. In an instant, lives have been turned upside-down, and while acupuncture doesn’t provide food or shelter, it does help bring mental and emotional peace to its recipients as they put their lives back together. There is such a need for this work and I hope to be able to volunteer internationally in the future.

Short video from AWB California relief effort: https://youtu.be/CFT5GK4im3E

Huffington Post article about AWB: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/59d74274e4b0cf2548b33614

If you would like to help support the work of Acupuncturists Without Borders, you can make a donation here.


by Johanna Utter, L.Ac., FABORM

Fall, Johanna Utter, L.Ac., FABORM in Davis, CA

Most people love fall. The air starts to become cooler and crisp, wonderful scents start to fill the air, leaves start to fall off the trees, and it’s time to pull out sweaters again!

In Chinese medicine, fall is associated with the Metal element, the color white, the Lungs and Large Intestines, and the emotions grief and sorrow. It is a time of endings (harvests, leaves) and a time of anticipated beginnings (seeds, school starting.) During the fall, the Qi (vital energy) of the environment begins to contract as we have fewer hours of daylight and warmth.  

After the abundance of summer, fall is a time to prune, pare down, and cut back on our energy expenditures.

A couple of the qualities of the Metal element are refinement and discernment. At this time of year, it is beneficial to begin to slow down and be more reflective; to sift through and release what is no longer needed, physically, mentally, emotionally, and spiritually.  

This is a particularly good time of year to get an acupuncture “tune-up” to keep your immune system strong. People are often more vulnerable to colds and flus due to temperature changes at this time of year. Begin dressing in layers to accommodate changes in weather and avoid getting sick, and wear a scarf to keep the neck from being too exposed to the cold. 

Fall is the time to begin moving our energy inward. This is not a time to engage in forms of exercise that expend a lot of energy, but rather to engage in forms that are enjoyable and leave you feeling more grounded and energized.

Classic Chinese medical texts from over 2000 years ago advise going to bed at sunset (early) to stay away from chilliness and to rise at dawn to appreciate the crisp air of autumn.

It is especially helpful to eat foods in the Fall that are moistening, astringent, and warming. This is the perfect time to pull out the crock pot and begin eating warm, nourishing soups and stews.

Foods to eat in the fall:
Root vegetables
Cooked foods
Winter Squash
Sweet potatoes
Bok Choy
Wild Rice

Foods to avoid:
Raw, uncooked, frozen, or fried foods

Thriving Pink: A Local Breast Cancer Support Resource

by Johanna Utter, L.Ac., FABORM

Thriving Pink: A Local Breast Cancer Support Resource, Johanna Utter, L.Ac., FABORM in Davis, CAOctober is Breast Cancer Awareness Month. Because 1 out of 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer during her lifetime, it's quite likely that you or someone you know has been impacted by it. We are very lucky to have a fantastic resource in Davis for women diagnosed with breast cancer and their families, Thriving Pink.

I first heard about Thriving Pink in August 2016, when I was invited to participate in its dance flash mob, Flashing Pink. Wanting to learn more about Thriving Pink and all the different things that it offers to our community, I asked its founder, Mary Yin Liu, to answer a few questions for me.

What is the story behind Thriving Pink?  Why did you start it?

I started Thriving Pink in August 2016 honor of my friend, Ann Murray Paige, who passed away from breast cancer in March 2014. I was personally inspired by her and so many women in our community. She had a vision - that we are all in this together and we need to "show up" for each other. During the six years of our close friendship, I believed in her vision. Over time, her vision became my vision as well and I searched for a way to make that vision a reality in our community. A few weeks after we opened our office, a woman walked in and shared that she had just been diagnosed with breast cancer and was searching for support and resources. She had not yet informed her family or friends, and no one in her family had breast cancer. This is often the case as over 85% of women with breast cancer have no family history of the disease. She was surprised to see a local nonprofit welcoming people to support one another through such challenging and often difficult circumstances. With 1 in 8, there are thousands of women in our community who will be diagnosed in their lifetime. No one should go through breast cancer alone. Our local nonprofit is committed to helping local women and their families in a meaningful and impactful way.  

Who is Thriving Pink for? Is it just for people in Davis? 

Thriving Pink is based in Davis as our office is located in Davis Downtown. Although our programs and events are also in Davis, they are open to everyone who can join us. In this region, someone can travel to another city in just a few short minutes. For the Granting Pink Program, we give priority for women who reside in Davis or are treated in Davis as the funds are raised locally from this community.

What are the different programs you offer? 

Mentoring Pink (one on one mentoring with a Pink Peer, an annual Renewal Retreat, and monthly workshops), Flashing Pink (an outreach program with a flash mob dance series and informational booth), and Granting Pink (an individual grant program to help women and their families). We also partner with the community and other organizations, such as Camp Kesem, to host special events, including Community Day. One special event we are planning for next year is the Pink Gala. We will be honoring all the Granting Pink Awardees and we invite everyone to join us. I think we are all connected to someone - a mother, friend, daughter, or neighbor - someone who has shared their story and journey with us as they face this diagnosis. It's important to celebrate milestones and honor those near and within our hearts.

How can people volunteer or donate? 

Our website ThrivingPink.org has a Give page for donations, and we encourage interested volunteers to contact us by email at Info@ThrivingPink.org. We are also hosting a Volunteer Night on Thursday, November 9th from 7 - 8:30 pm. We will be filling Comfort Bags to donate to local hospitals and newly diagnosed women. We also welcome volunteers throughout the year to join us at various events. There is something very empowering about giving back and helping others. The opportunity to give is actually a beautiful gift. Several of our board and committee members are breast cancer survivors. They have been there and have a great desire to help others. Several past Renewal Retreat attendees returned this year as volunteers to welcome and support the new attendees. We are growing and there are always opportunities to connect with us to serve. We welcome everyone to join our Pink Team!

What else do you have planned for Pink-tober and the coming year? 

We will be at the International Festival on October 1st at Central Park with our informational booth and Flashing Pink.

We are also inviting the community to join us for a Thriving Pink 5K Walk FIT starting at 9 am on Saturday, October 14th. Jennifer Miramontes form FIT House will lead us on a scenic walk to the arboretum from FIT House and our office. A reception will be hosted afterwards. Sola Bee Honey and Stella & Dot will participate in the reception also to support fundraising for Thriving Pink. We just hosted our 2nd Annual Renewal Retreat in September so the 5K Walk is a perfect time for those women to re-connect with each other, as well as the Grant Recipients. And, it's a wonderful opportunity for the community to come together to rally and support our thriving community in October, National Breast Cancer Awareness Month.

Our Granting Pink applications are also available starting October 1st.  Someone can nominate a friend or relative to receive the grant as well. We awarded $20,000 to 18 women last year and we hope to increase the funds granted next year to at least $25,000.  We do not want to turn anyone away. The nurses at Sutter Hospital started a kitty fund with dollar bills and spare change in a glass jar to help their patients with basic essential needs, such as prescription refills, gas for medical appointments, and dinner for their family. Several of our board members are in the medical field and know first-hand how a financial burden can overwhelm a family, especially when one parent cannot drive or work due to their treatments.  We know there's a great need out there and we want to do everything we can to help.  

Do you have a message that you want to share for those with breast cancer?  For their family and friends?

Just that we are here and we will continue showing up to support our thriving community.  We encourage folks to reach out to us, to come to an event or gathering.  We look forward to connecting with you and creating a strong network of support for our community.  

Do you have a list of other local resources for women with breast cancer or their families?

We do not have a formal list of resources. This has been personalized with support provided on an individual level by Pink Peers as part of our Mentoring Pink Program. As we are growing, we would like to start to develop a formal list of resources in the future as we think that would be helpful, especially for newly diagnosed women.

Contact Thriving Pink if you need support, to donate, or to volunteer by emailing Info@ThrivingPink.org or by visiting their website, www.thrivingpink.org.

Curves and Transitions

by Johanna Utter, L.Ac., FABORM

Curves and Transitions, Johanna Utter, L.Ac., FABORM in Davis, CA


Fall is a time of transitions. Summer ends, school begins, weather fluctuates from crazy hot to cool, and leaves start falling from trees. Sometimes all the transitions come at once and it can feel overwhelming.

The last two years have held a number of transitions for me.  My best friend moved across the country, my father-in-law had a stroke on Labor Day two years ago and passed away six months later, my dog developed lymphoma and died, my older son moved far away from the area, and my daughter moved back home.

Transitions, to me, are like curves in the road.  Unlike a straight path where we can see what’s coming up ahead of us, curves in the road hide the future from us, and sometimes they throw us for a loop.

When I was in acupuncture school, I used to commute back and forth between San Jose and Santa Cruz on Highway 17, a curvy highway that runs through the Santa Cruz Mountains.  It’s a beautiful highway, with redwood trees and rock walls (or cliffs!) on the sides of the road. Because it is often foggy or dark, there is a section where headlights are required. I would often come suddenly across large trucks moving very slowly up the mountain as I rounded a corner.

When you are familiar with the road you are taking, even if it has a lot of curves in it, the path does become easier.  You can anticipate when you need to slow down and when you can go faster, when to move over and when you might come across obstacles.  Highway 17 is where I really learned how to drive; to watch and move with the flow of cars switching lanes and going around the curves.

How do you drive when taking a curve in the road? Do you speed up? Slow down? I need to slow down and focus my attention so that I don’t spin out of control. And I need to lean into the curves. Changing lanes on a curvy road is easier when I lean into the curve, rather than try to move away from it.

The same is true with transitions. A time of transition also requires me to slow down and focus my attention on what is needed next. And just like a curve in the road, I can’t always see what’s coming up around the corner. If I take the curve too quickly, I don’t have time to react if there is an accident or something unexpected in the road.

Unlike doing something from muscle memory, doing something new takes attention and more effort .  The neural pathways are not yet grooves in the road, so to speak.

Because life transitions take so much energy, it can be valuable to ask yourself some questions each day:

  • What am I doing each day that nourishes me? Am I eating foods that sustain me or, am I living off of caffeine and sugar for a quick energy fix?
  • Am I getting sufficient sleep or rest? How can I get in bed earlier or squeeze in a nap?
  • Am I breathing? Am I doing exercise I enjoy?
  • Times of transition are when support is needed the most. Who or what is supporting me?

In addition to nourishing foods, restorative sleep, and enjoyable exercise, I invite you to add regular acupuncture treatment and Chinese herbs to your self-care practice as you navigate transitions in your life this fall.

PCOS and Chinese Medicine

by Johanna Utter, L.Ac., FABORM

PCOS and Chinese Medicine, Johanna Utter, L.Ac., FABORM in Davis, CA

What Is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome?

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine and metabolic disorder that affects your ovaries and impacts just about every area of your body and your life. It is characterized by irregular or no periods, enlarged ovaries filled with many small cysts, excess hair growth, acne, and often obesity.

PCOS can start as early as puberty. It affects 5-10% of women of reproductive age and is responsible for 70% of infertility in women who have difficulty ovulating. Women with PCOS have a higher incidence of gestational diabetes, miscarriages, preterm deliveries, and stillbirths. According to some studies, if a mother has PCOS, there is a 50% chance that her daughter will have PCOS too. PCOS often resolves itself as women get closer to menopause.

PCOS is associated with “metabolic syndrome,” a cluster of conditions – increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels – that when occurring together, increase your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. PCOS also increases your risk of endometrial cancer. Early diagnosis and lifestyle changes can help you lower all these risk factors and live a happy, healthier life.

What Causes PCOS?

PCOS is due to an imbalance of hormones, which cause your ovaries to build up too much male hormones (androgens), resulting in a lack of ovulation. It tends to run in families and is often associated with obesity and insulin resistance, although some women may be lean. It may be triggered by exposure to pesticides and environmental toxins, such as dioxin and other xenoestrogens, or hormone disrupters found in food, beauty and cleaning products, and plastics.

You May Have PCOS if You Have...

  • irregular or absent menstrual periods
  • multiple cysts on your ovaries in a "string of pearls” pattern
  • excess hair growth on your face and body
  • acne
  • heavy bleeding
  • weight gain or obesity
  • difficulty losing weight
  • infertility
  • insulin resistance
  • type 2 diabetes
  • high blood pressure
  • heart disease
  • high cholesterol
  • darkened patches of skin or skin tags
  • thinning hair or male pattern baldness
  • fatigue
  • bloating
  • suppressed immune system
  • inflammation
  • decreased sex drive high
  • levels of testosterone

How Is PCOS Diagnosed?

To be diagnosed with PCOS using the Rotterdam criteria, you must have 2 of the 3 following symptoms: irregular or absent periods, excess androgens, and polycystic ovaries.

How Does Conventional Medicine Treat PCOS?

Although there is no known cure, PCOS is most often treated with hormones, drugs, diet and exercise, or surgery. Just a 5% drop in weight can lead to normal ovulation. Either electrolysis or laser hair removal is used if you have excess hair growth.

How Can Chinese Medicine Treat PCOS?

Chinese medicine can be very successful in restoring hormonal balance and ovulation in PCOS.

  • Acupuncture reduces appetite, improves metabolism, regulates hormonal balance, improves blood flow, reduces inflammation, and restores healthy body functioning.
  • Chinese herbs reduce fluid, break up stagnation, and resolve underlying patterns of disharmony.
  • Dietary and lifestyle changes stabilize blood sugar, calm the adrenals, and support the body’s innate healing wisdom.

How Can You Help Yourself?

  • An anti-inflammatory diet, rich in vegetables to help the body metabolize hormones and normalize elimination.
  • Reduce alcohol and avoid caffeine, soy, flax, legumes, sugar, wheat, gluten, corn, and vegetable oils. Add fish oils, coconut oil, olive oil, avocados, fish, grass-fed meats, and pastured eggs. Add non-dairy fermented foods, such as sauerkraut or other fermented vegetables and/or probiotics.
  • Cut out all forms of refined sugar and carbohydrates: white bread, pasta, white rice, rice cakes, most breakfast cereals, and all starchy, low-fiber foods. Avoid soda, fruit juice, and sweeteners. Limit fruit to one piece per day.
  • No cold, frozen, or raw food or drinks.
  • Moderate exercise to improve blood flow, reduce blood sugar, reduce inflammation, increase endorphins, reduce pain, and improve mood. Avoid swimming and yoga inversions during your period.
  • Regular weekly acupuncture treatment
  • Chinese herbs prescribed by a licensed herbalist
  • Bedtime by 10 pm, turning off screens 1/2 hour before bed. Sleep at least 8-9 hrs.
  • Drink at least 3 liters of water a day.
  • Use a warm castor oil pack on your lower abdomen to activate blood circulation, support the lymphatic system, and balance hormone levels. You can do this 2 to 3 times daily when pre-menstrual and during your period.
  • Maintain a positive attitude – your body is amazing and knows how to heal with just a little help!

Breastfeeding and Chinese Medicine

by Johanna Utter, L.Ac., FABORM

Breastfeeding and Chinese Medicine, Johanna Utter, L.Ac., FABORM in Davis, CA

Benefits of Breast Milk

Breast milk is the best source of food and nutrients for babies until six months of age. Not only is it always the perfect temperature and easily digestible, but its composition actually changes over time to meet the changing needs of the growing baby. Breast milk promotes brain development and lowers the risk of allergic reaction. It also contains a lot of antibodies, which can raise a baby’s immunity and lower their chances of developing an infection.

Babies who are exclusively breastfed tend not to have digestive problems and rarely suffer from constipation. They do not need additional water. As babies’ digestive organs are still in the process of developing, solids should be introduced slowly, beginning no earlier than 6 months.

Breastfeed your baby on demand to avoid problems such as engorgement, insufficient milk production, and mastitis.

Mother's Diet

In Chinese culture, the mother’s digestion is considered to be somewhat weak after giving birth. A simple, balanced diet consisting of warm, nourishing, easy-to-digest foods is recommended to help replenish blood and make breast milk. Traditionally, soups and stews are emphasized, and foods or drinks that are cold in temperature should be avoided. Adding a small amount of fresh ginger to soups or steeping and drinking it as a tea can be helpful.

In Chinese medicine, it is believed that hot, spicy, and fried foods should be avoided because they can upset the baby’s digestive system.

Foods to Promote Lactation

  • Drink plenty of water!!
  • Eat organic foods as much as possible
  • Herbal tea, especially mint, rose, and barley
  • Bone-in meats or fish (always organic)
  • Dark leafy greens
  • Gelatin (from grass-fed sources) or pig trotters (in a soup) 
  • Sea vegetables for trace minerals
  • Sweet potato 
  • Grains: oats, millet, barley, sweet rice
  • Legumes: adzuki, chickpeas, lentils, mung beans, soybeans
  • Papaya (especially green) - eat one a day, if possible
  • Fennel and fennel seed - increases supply 
  • Coconut water 
  • Young coconut meat
  • Herbs: basil, marjoram, anise, dill, caraway, turmeric (also helps reduce inflammation)

Plugged Ducts

Plugged ducts can show up as pain, tenderness, and warmth in one breast, a hard painful lump that may or may not look red on the surface, and skin irritation. If caught early, mastitis and plugged ducts may be massaged out and treated with hot, moist washcloths and frequent nursing on the affected breast.


Mastitis is an acute infection of the breast accompanied by a fever of 101°F or higher, flu-like symptoms (such as chills, body-aches, and fatigue) or even pus discharge or red streaks extending outward from the affected area.  There is often a rapid onset of symptoms and antibiotics or infection-fighting herbs may be needed.

Plugged Duct Home Treatment

  • Nurse or express milk frequently to avoid letting your breasts become engorged.
  • Gently but firmly massage the lump towards your nipple before and during each feed.
  • Change feeding positions to let gravity help empty the breast. For example, if the blockage is on the armpit area of the left breast, lie on the right side, and lean over to feed the baby from the left breast.
  • Massage the affected breast in a warm shower or try to hand express while under the warm water. 
  • Apply hot, moist compresses to the affected area. 
  • Get plenty of rest, drink sufficient fluids, and wear bras that fit appropriately and provide sufficient support.

Colic Tips

  • Chew a teaspoon of caraway seeds for five minutes, occasionally swallowing the juice. The carminative properties pass through breast milk and reduce infant colic. 
  • Make a tea by steeping 1 teaspoon of either fennel or anise seeds in 2 cups of boiling water for 5 minutes. Strain and drink.
  • Massage the baby’s abdomen, using gentle, clockwise strokes.
  • Lay the baby on your arm face down, with their legs straddling your elbow and their chin near the palm of your hand. Place your clean thumb in the baby’s mouth, nail side against the baby’s tongue, and allow them to suck it. The pressure from your arm on their belly, along with the sucking, can help expel gas and soothe the baby.

How Can Chinese Medicine Help?

  • Moxa or “mother warming’ starting at 4-5 days postpartum to warm up a depleted new mom. 
  • Chinese herbs to replenish the body, improve digestion, support milk production, and treat infection.
  • Acupuncture to reduce pain and soreness, improve energy levels, promote lactation, stabilize emotions, balance hormones, and ease recovery from childbirth.

Chinese Medicine Can Treat:

  • birth trauma
  • sore and swollen breasts
  • mastitis
  • insufficient breast milk
  • urinary problems
  • vaginal soreness
  • hemorrhoids
  • constipation
  • edema/water retention
  • hair loss
  • fatigue
  • body aches & pains
  • headaches
  • insomnia
  • depression

World Breastfeeding Week August 1-7

by Johanna Utter, L.Ac., FABORM

World Breastfeeding Week August 1-7, Johanna Utter, L.Ac., FABORM in Davis, CA

In the Davis area, many women breastfeed their babies and there is a lot of support for it within the local community. That is not the case in many other parts of the US and the world.

World Breastfeeding Week (WBW) is an annual celebration and awareness campaign highlighting and recognizing the benefits of breastfeeding in communities across the globe. As the greatest outreach vehicle for the breastfeeding movement, WBW aims to bring breastfeeding to the forefront of community agendas so everyone can be part of the dialogue. Now in its 25th year, WBW is celebrated every year from August 1-7 all over the globe to encourage breastfeeding improve the health of babies around the world.

This year's theme is "Sustaining Breastfeeding Together" and education and outreach falls in four thematic areas:

Nutrition, Food Security and Poverty Reduction

Nutrition: Breastfed infants are provided with optimal nutrition and protection against infections.
Food security: Breast milk is a safe and secure source of food even in times of humanitarian crises.
Poverty reduction: Breastfeeding is a low cost way of feeding babies without burdening household budgets.

Survival, Health, and Well-Being

Survival: Breastfeeding significantly improves the survival of infants, children and mothers.
Health and well-being: Breastfeeding significantly improves the health, development and well-being of infants and children as well as mothers, both in the short- and long-term.

Environment and Climate Change

Environment: Breast milk is a natural, renewable food that is environmentally safe: produced and delivered without pollution, packaging or waste.
Climate change: Formula production and consumption generates greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions which accelerate global warming.

Women's Productivity and Employment

Women’s productivity: Employers benefit from having a more contented and productive workforce due to less employee absenteeism, increased loyalty and less staff turnover.
Parental protection and other workplace policies can enable women to combine breastfeeding with paid work.

Over 820,000 children die each year and millions more suffer from avoidable diseases and learning difficulties as a result of suboptimal breastfeeding practices. If even half of all babies under 6 months of age were exclusively breastfed, we would save hundreds of thousands of lives and help protect against breast cancer, ovarian cancer and diabetes in mothers across the globe.

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